Jakobson, Roman

(1896-1982)
   Russian philologist. Born in Moscow, he studied at Moscow University and Prague University. He helped establish the Moscow Linguistic Circle to study linguistics, poetics, metrics and folklore. In Prague he was a founder of the Cercle Linguistique de Prague. He taught at Masaryk University in Brno, Czechoslovakia from 1933. In 1939 he fled the Nazis and worked in Copenhagen and Uppsala. He later emigrated to the US and was a professor at Columbia University, Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • JAKOBSON, ROMAN — (1896–1982), philologist and literary historian. Born in Moscow, Jakobson studied and did research at Moscow University before settling in Czechoslovakia in 1921. In 1926 he was co founder of the Cercle Linguistique de Prague, which pioneered… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jakobson, Roman — ▪ American linguist Russian  Roman Osipovich Jakobson   born Oct. 11 [Sept. 29, Old Style], 1896, Moscow, Russia died July 18, 1982, Boston, Mass., U.S.       Russian born American linguist and Slavic language scholar, a principal founder of the… …   Universalium

  • Jakobson,Roman — Ja·kob·son (yäʹkəb sən), Roman. 1896 1982. Russian born American linguist. A founder of modern structural linguistics and modern phonology, he was particularly influential in the fields of Slavic languages, phonology, and poetics. * * * …   Universalium

  • Jakobson, Roman — ► (1898 1982) Lingüista ruso. Junto con Trubetzkoy, fue el principal fonólogo del Círculo de Praga. En Principios de fonología histórica (1931) defiende una fonología diacrónica. Intentó una clasificación unitaria de vocales y consonantes en un… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jakobson, Roman (Osipovich) — born Oct. 11, 1896, Moscow, Russia died July 18, 1982, Boston, Mass., U.S. Russian born U.S. linguist. Born and educated in Moscow, Jakobson moved to Prague in 1920; the European political situation forced him to flee to Scandinavia in 1938 and… …   Universalium

  • Jakobson, Roman (Osipovich) — (11 oct. 1896, Moscú, Rusia–18 jul. 1982, Boston, Mass., EE.UU.). Lingüista estadounidense de origen ruso. Nacido y educado en Moscú, Jakobson se trasladó a Praga en 1920. La situación política europea lo obligó a escapar a Escandinavia en 1938 y …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jakobson — Jakobson, Roman …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Roman Ossipowitsch Jakobson — (russisch Роман Осипович Якобсон, wiss. Transliteration Roman Osipovič Jakobson; * 11.jul./ 23. Oktober 1896greg. in Moskau; † 18. Juli 1982 in Boston, Vereinigte Staaten) war ein russischer Philologe, Linguist und Semiotiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roman Jacobson — Roman Ossipowitsch Jakobson (russisch Роман Осипович Якобсон, wiss. Transliteration Roman Osipovič Jakobson; * 23. Oktober 1896 in Moskau; † 18. Juli 1982 in Boston) war ein russischer Philologe, Linguist und Semiotiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roman Jakobson — Roman Ossipowitsch Jakobson (russisch Роман Осипович Якобсон, wiss. Transliteration Roman Osipovič Jakobson; * 23. Oktober 1896 in Moskau; † 18. Juli 1982 in Boston) war ein russischer Philologe, Linguist und Semiotiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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